The number of Arizona’s K-12 students has remained around a million for the past 10 years, though where those students attend school has shifted slightly, according to the Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction’s recently released Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2012-2013.
The report provides general statistical information about the type and number of public schools in the state, how they are funded and the students who attend them. It also provides financial and statistical information for every school district and charter school in Arizona.
Where Students Learn
Of the 1.053 million Arizona K-12 students who attended public school in 2012-13, 912,782 , or 86.62 percent, went to public district schools, while 140,906, or 13.37 percent, attended charter schools.
Student overwhelmingly received their instruction on one of Arizona’s 2,004 public school campuses. Only 1.35 percent of students, or 14,262, took all their classes online through a district or charter sponsored online school.
Ninety five percent, or 13,584 of those digital learners take classes full-time through online charter schools, while just 4.75 percent, or 678 students, do full-time coursework through online district schools.
While the number of students going to charter schools has slowly increased from 7.31 percent 10 years ago to 9 percent five years ago to last school year’s 13.37 percent, the rate of growth slowed to 1.6 percent last year, down from a 10-year-high of 1.17 percent in 2009-10.
These figures, called average daily membership, represent the full-time and part-time students attending classes during the first 100 days of school. In Arizona, district and charter schools are funded according to their average daily membership.
The source of district and charter schools funding for 2012-13 differed greatly.
State funding made up 83.32 percent of charter school total revenues of $1,093,452,422 in 2012-13. Federal funds accounted for about 9.02 percent, local funds, 7.59 percent, and intermediate funds, 0.07 percent, making up the rest.
State funding made up just 36.89 percent of district school total revenues of $8,291,471,122. Local revenues made up the largest amount for districts, at 45.64 percent. Federal funds accounted for 14.19 percent, with county funds, 3.28, making up the rest.
How Dollars Are Spent
In 2012-13, unified school districts total expenditures per student were $7,468, more than charter schools $6,777 total expenditures per student, according to the Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction’s Annual Report.
Charter schools spent $1,344 per student on administration, nearly twice the $746 unified district schools did, $3,245 per student on classroom instruction, less than districts’ $3945, and $226 per student on classroom supplies, slightly more than districts’ $154.
Unified district schools spent $587 per student on student support services, nearly twice charters’ $317, and $2,037 per student on other support services and operations, more than charter’s $1,646.
Student Race and Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic students outnumbered Hispanic students at both district and charter schools in 2012-13. District students were 55.6o percent non-Hispanic, and 44.39 percent Hispanic, while charter students were 63.77 percent non-Hispanic and 36.22 percent Hispanic.
In district elementary schools, 54.25 percent of students were non-Hispanic and 45.74 were Hispanic, while in charter elementary schools 67.64 percent of students were non-Hispanic and 32.35 percent were Hispanic.
District secondary school students were 58.86 percent non-Hispanic and 41.13 percent were Hispanic, while charter students were 53.84 percent non-Hispanic and 46.15 percent Hispanic.
In district elementary schools, 7.3 percent of students were identified as American Indian, 5.44 percent Black, 2.83 percent multiracial, 2.59 percent Asian and 0.33 percent Pacific Islander.
In charter elementary schools, 3.43 percent of students were identified as American Indian, 7.07 percent Black, 4.80 percent Asian, 3.64 percent multiracial and 0.50 percent Pacific Islander.
Secondary district school students were identified as 6 percent American Indian, 5.87 percent Black, 3.12 percent Asian, 2.76 percent multiracial and 0.28 percent Pacific Islander.
Secondary charter school students were identified as 7.39 percent American Indian, 6.44 percent Black, 5.02 percent multiracial, 2.31 percent Asian and 0.56 percent Pacific Islander.