Updated May 9, 2017 – The $9.8 billion budget that Arizona Legislators passed last week adjusts per-pupil base level funding and transportation funding by 1.3 percent for inflation and provides additional compensation for teachers, but continues cuts to capital funding for items like buildings, buses, books and technology and offers no financial assistance to ease the budget pressures for districts with declining enrollment, according to an Arizona School Boards Association analysis.
“We’re disappointed that the cuts that have been imposed on school districts have remained unchanged and still the capital funding formula for school districts continues to be cut by 85 percent or more for most school districts,” said Chuck Essigs, director of governmental relations for the Arizona Association of School Business Officials. “Districts just can’t continue to survive with such limited resources for their capital funding needs.”
Since 2009, Arizona schools have lost $2.4 billion in capital funding due to legislators’ budget cuts, Essigs said.
“It’s disappointing to school districts that with these large cuts to capital funding remaining, that they (legislators) look to start up and expand vouchers to schools, when it would be better, in the minds of many school districts, to solve the ongoing problems we have with how school districts and charters are funded before you expand to other areas,” Essigs said.
The budget provides a 1.06 percent in additional compensation for public school K-12 teachers in fiscal year 2018 and an additional 1.06 percent in fiscal 2019, but this appropriation, which will not be adjusted for inflation, is separate from per-pupil base level funding and is based on a districts’ total payroll for teachers in the current fiscal year.
“Paying teachers more is the right thing to do, and a first step in a long road we have ahead to getting our public schools the revenue they need,” said Tim Ogle, executive director of Arizona School Boards Association. “We will continue to advocate for adding the salary increase for teachers to the base level and protected for inflation.”
“I think the general population may not understand that it’s important to provide the ‘increase’ for teachers in the base level which keeps the increase inflation protected and sustainable for school districts,” Ogle said. “We want to ensure this increase is permanent from this point forward.”
The budget appropriates $37.6 million to the results-based funding fund and distribute $225 per student to schools with less than 60 percent of students receiving free-and reduced-price lunch who are in the top 10 percent of AzMERIT scores statewide. In school year 2018-19, schools would receive the additional per pupil funding if they have an A-rating based on the new A-F school rating system.
Theplan to provide more funds for high-performing schools would benefit charter schools that graduate on average less than 100 students a year, not district schools which graduate on average more than three times as many students, and also reward middle- and higher-income students more than low-income ones.
School Facilities Board
The budget proposal would appropriate $64.9 million to the School Finance Board for new school facilities. It would also provide $16.9 million in ongoing and $17.2 million in additional one-time funding for building renewal grants. Along with $38 million in one- time funding for new school facilities approved between March 2, 2016 and March 1, 2017.
“We always welcome funding for building repairs and new school facilities. However, the Legislature’s investment in this budget falls far short of what is needed statewide to maintain the standards that the school facilities board has set up for both maintenance and new construction,”said Chris Kotterman, director of governmental relations for Arizona School Boards Association. “Yet another reason why Arizona needs to seriously consider a statewide revenue source that is dedicated exclusively for the maintenance of the public school system.”
The budget appropriates $2.6 million in one-time funding for rural schools, which will be distributed based on enrollment in counties with a population of less than 500,000 and local education agencies that primarily serve homeless or special education students regardless of what county they’re in.
Another provision allows Duncan Unified School District to exceed its budget for critical infrastructure repair without first applying to the School Finance Board for funding from the emergency deficiencies correction fund.
Duncan Unified is in a small rural area about four hours east of Phoenix on the New Mexico border, and the K-8 school serves 265 children, said Eldon Merrell, superintendent of the district.
Merrell said that the district has several critical infrastructure needs, and some have been submitted to the School Facilities Board, some have not gone through yet and others have not been submitted.
The septic system at the elementary school is “a self-contained system that is 30 plus years old. It’s on it’s last leg,” Merrell said.
“We had an earthquake a couple of years ago here in Duncan. Since then, it’s been leaking and messing up and we just have it duct taped together. We currently don’t have enough money in our budget to fix that,” Merrell said.
The district has some roofing issues that are going out to bid later this month, and a company will look at the district’s fire alarm/intercom/bell system installed in the early 1980s later this week, Merrell said.
“We have to upgrade that. Finding the funding, for that, again, is very, very difficult,” Merrell said. “Those are very critical things.”
“If we don’t have a fire alarm, then we’re negligent and it’s a safety issue. If we can’t flush a toilet, then we can’t have kids here, and kids is what we work for that’s our business,” Merrell said. “Those are just two examples of things our district could benefit from with some additional funds.”
The budget would appropriate $100,000 for the Jobs for Arizona Graduates program as well as $200,000 in one-time funding to the Governor’s Office for a computer science initiative and $250,000 for a public-private school leadership training program.
The budget also directs the universities to create a teacher academy to provide tuition-free bachelor degrees for students who commit to become teachers in Arizona.
Joint technical education
The budget continues to fund large joint technical education districts at 95.5 percent of the amount they would have otherwise received and appropriates $1 million for JTED completion grants.
Early literacy and all-day kindergarten in the budget proposal
The budget provides $8 million in fiscal year 2018 and $12 million in FY 2019 to the Early Literacy Grant Program to provide three-year grants to schools with at least 90 percent free- and reduced-price lunch to improve reading skills, literacy and proficiency of K-3 students, which could be used for full-day kindergarten or other K-3 literacy programs.
Arizona Department of Education
The budget appropriates $7.3 million in funding for the Arizona Department of Education’s student data system, $400,000 from the Empowerment Scholarship Fund to ADE for administration of the Empowerment Scholarship Accounts, $100,000 in one-time funding for a statewide geographic literacy initiative, $3.6 million to the school safety program that includes $100,000 for the pilot program on school emergency readiness, $5 million to the college credit by examination incentive program and modifies its reporting requirements.
The budget also increases the budget limit for Cave Creek Unified School District by $1.5 million in fiscal 2018.
* * *
May 5, 2017
The Arizona Legislature passed a $9.8 billion budget early Friday that provides 1.06 percent in additional compensation for public school K-12 teachers in fiscal year 2018 and an additional 1.06 percent in fiscal 2019, a $100 income tax cut for Arizona residents and $1 billion in extra bonding for Arizona’s public universities, according to an Arizona School Boards Association analysis.
Republicans in the Senate and House made significant changes to the budget in the past three days to get enough support to pass the budget at 3:55 a.m. Friday, and Ducey is expected to sign the 11 budget bills on Monday, according to an article in The Arizona Republic.
Lawmakers working late into the nite to act on $9.8B spending plan and letting universities borrow $1B for fixes. https://t.co/WqLUxVTSgb
— Howard Fischer (@azcapmedia) May 5, 2017
House Speaker J.D. Mesnard made enough deals with hesitant Republicans to get the necessary 31 votes in his 35-member caucus to adopt the budget, but none of the Democrats in the 60-member House supported the package, according to an article by Capitol Media Services.
The budget negotiated between Ducey’s office and Republican leaders was in trouble for most of the week because of the university bonding plan, and early Thursday Senate President Steve Yarbrough said he thought he’d need Democrats to win passage, according to an Associated Press article.
Sen. Steve Farley, D-Tucson, said Republican leaders made a costly deal to ensure passage of the university bonding package: Reducing the amount that Arizona residents have to declare when computing state income taxes by $100 will decrease state revenues by $10 million, according to an article by Capitol Media Services. But for just $1.4 million the legislature could have fully restored a state welfare program, one of the Democrats’ priorities, Farley said.
.@dougducey’s budget shows his priorities ->
❌ Lowest paid teachers
❌ Struggling families
✅ Billionaire donors
✅ Tax cuts
✅ And much more!
— Arizona Senate Dems (@AZSenateDems) May 5, 2017
“This budget invests in Arizona schools and teachers, protects our communities, and expands opportunities for our most vulnerable citizens.,” Ducey said in an email sent out this morning.
AZ’s new budget prioritizes our state’s most important needs, especially education. Please RT and get the word out! pic.twitter.com/T28smuWvGw
— Doug Ducey (@dougducey) May 5, 2017
* * *
May 4, 2017
Both the House and Senate of the Arizona Legislature extended the session through next week as they continue to discuss and work on the $9.8 billion state budget proposal. Members heard extensive comments Wednesday during public hearings on the 11 bills that make up the tentative budget.
This morning, the House Republican Caucus and House Democratic Caucus met to go over the bills that passed 8-5 yesterday along party lines with Republicans’ support and Democrats’ opposition in the House appropriations committee. The Senate Republican and Democratic Caucus met as well.
The outcome of the $1 billion bonding plan for Arizona universities remains uncertain. Democrats in the House and Senate appropriations committees opposed the bonding plan yesterday, saying they would prefer to see four percent raises for K-12 teachers next year instead of the two percent raises the budget proposes over two years.
Some Democrats said their support for the university bonding bill would depend on the budget providing more money for public schools, according to an article in The Arizona Republic.
4:52 p.m. Senate Committee of the Whole #5
A floor amendment from Senate President Steve Yarbrough, R-Dist. 17, was added to Senate Bill 1524.
“This will allow judges to have some discretion when imposing fines on defendants,” and allow them to set a fine that they can pay, Quezada said.
The amendment was voted down by Senate members.
Senate President Pro-Tempore Debbie Lesko, R-Dist. 21, voiced opposition to an amendment by Assistant Minority Leader Steve Farley, D-Dist. 9, that would notify community members when a person who has been convicted of killing two children is released into their neighborhood.
“We need to talk to the courts, the prosecutors, the board of clemency,” Lesko said. “It’s a big issue, a complicated issue that we need to study before we act on it.”
The amendment was voted down by Senate members.
3:58 p.m. House Committee of the Whole continues
Rep. Ken Clark, D-Dist. 24, asked why House Speaker Pro Tempore Thomas Shope, T-Dist. 8, spoke to the sheriff of Pinal County about the amount of money he would be receiving from House Bill 2540, but did not communicate in any way with the sheriff of Maricopa County about the amount of money he would be losing for gang enforcement.
Shope’s response was that he didn’t know the sheriff of Maricopa County and that it was part of a decision to maintain the structural balance the legislature thinks is necessary.
The budget proposal would remove $1.6 million for a task force that deters criminal gang activity from Maricopa County Sheriff Paul Penzone’s budget, but would provide money for the same task forces in Pinal and Pima counties. Several Democrats questioned whether cutting the Gang and Immigration Intelligence Team Enforcement Mission funding from the state’s most populous county was politically motivated after the Democratic sheriff defeated a longtime Republican sheriff in November and new Republican sheriffs were elected in Pima County, according to an Associated Press story.
“In his policy he (Maricopa County Sheriff Paul Penzone) has said he will not enforce illegal immigration period,” said Rep. Anthony Kern, R-Dist. 20. “Why would we fund something he’s not going to enforce? The Pinal County sheriff said he would enforce illegal immigration. I want to remind our members, Gov. Janet Napolitano did the same thing with Sheriff Joe Arpaio.”
Rep. Ray Martinez, D-Dist. 30, spoke about what the Gang and Immigration Intelligence Team Enforcement Mission does.
“For those of you that may not know what this task force is, these guys are the best we have of different police agencies. These funds pay their salaries because they are doing significant work in the community,” Martinez said. “Part of their job is to back up our patrol officers on the street every night. We really need to think about this. This is a slap in the face to our public safety officers out in the street.”
HB2540 passed by a 35-24 vote and was conveyed to the senate.
The House Ways and Means committee will meet as the House floor session recesses.
3:03 p.m. Senate Committee of the Whole Session #2
The session began at 2:39 p.m. with senate members filing in after a recess.
But both the House and the Senate extended the legislative session through Thursday, May 11, despite a number of members’ no votes.
2:36 p.m. House Committee of the Whole Session #8 begins
Rep. Kirsten Engel, D-Dist. 10, introduced an amendment to House Bill 2540 that would return to a more lenient earned credit ratio for inmates with a lower risk of recidivism saying it would serve as an incentive for inmates to enroll in programs that would help them succeed after release.
“If you compare what we spend on an inmate in a given year, we are spending almost 20,000 more than we do to educate a student in K-12,” Engel said.
Rep. David Stringer, R-Dist. 1, said he thought Rep. Engel’s proposed amendment is a good idea, “but I don’t believe this is the time and place to consider that amendment. This is an idea we’re going to have to address.”
“We spend about 10 percent of our state budget on corrections, and we have just spent weeks down here trying to find ways to give teachers a one percent raise and find ways to improve schools in our state and we pour millions and millions of dollars down the drain for the incarceration of nonviolent offenders,” Stringer said.
2:15 p.m. House floor session
The House Floor session resumed at 2:15 p.m. with a tribute to Pete Garcia, former CEO of Chicanots Por La Causa, who passed away on May 3, 2017.
1:15 p.m. Senate floor session
The Senate recessed for lunch and then was back for informal discussion of non-budget bills, according to an article in the The Arizona Republic.
12:25 p.m. House Committee of the Whole
After he voted yes on the Friese Amendment to Senate Bill 1038, Rep. Noel Campbell, R-Dist 1., said “For too long we’ve been hit over the head as Republicans for what we do and don’t do for education. This is something we can do to recruit and retain teachers.”
Rep. Paul Boyer, R-Dist. 20, urged legislators to vote no and said, “I don’t think we should be adding amendments at the 11th hour.”
The amendment was voted down 32-24, bur SB 1038 was approved 57-0 with 3 not voting.
The House is now recessed and legislators were asked to remain at the capitol and have their cell phones with them for the next session.
11:25 a.m. Update from a senate democratic leader
Assistant Minority Leader Sen. Steve Farley, D-Dist. 9, said Democrats are ready to negotiate on the university bonding plan, and all they want are a four percent raise for teachers and a restoration of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Family funding assistance, according to an article in The Arizona Republic.
10:58 a.m. House Democratic Caucus caucus ends
After the caucus, representatives began the Committee of the Whole session.
10:20 a.m. House Democratic Caucus reviews budget bills
As the Caucus discussed funding for the School Finance Board, Rep. Jesus Rubalcava, D-Dist. 4, said when a school district has an emergency issue and brings it to the School Finance Board that, “it is a process that goes really quick, they do get you through as quickly as possible. We had some pipes burst in our library they were there immediately. A lot of school districts don’t apply, because they don’t think the money is there. If the need is there, there’s money for it.”
Rep. Ray D. Martinez, D-Dist. 30, expressed concern that there was no comprehensive program for helping schools that find high levels of lead in their water while discussing the $200,000 in building renewal School Finance Board grants funds that could be used for lead remediation consultant services.
Rep. Athena Salman, D-Dist. 26, asked if the budget proposal included the additional funding that the Arizona Department of Education had asked for IT infrastructure, but was told that the proposal does not, it just maintains the funding that was provided in the past year.
10 a.m. House Republican Caucus ends
House speaker J.D. Mesnard, R-Dist. 17, postpones the floor session to 11 a.m.
* * *
Wednesday, May 3
The Arizona Legislature is holding public hearings today and voting on the 11 bills that make up the proposed $9.8 billion state budget.
Among the proposed budget’s major education components are $34 million for a two percent raise for K-12 public school teachers over the course of two years, and $27 million a year for 25 years for state universities to use for extra capital needs and increased bonding authority.
Yesterday some Republicans opposed the university bonding proposal, which could delay passage, according to an Associated Press article.
But Republican leaders found more support after adding a tax cut that would raise the personal exemption on the state’s income by $100 over the next two years, according to an article in The Arizona Republic.
Arizona legislators and Gov. Doug Ducey have been negotiating the tentative budget agreement since the session began in January. If the budget proposal is approved it would take effect on July 1, 2017.
4:30 p.m. Hearings before the House Appropriations Committee
— ArizonaEA (@ArizonaEA) May 3, 2017
ASU has 11 employees per each student, much less than a comparable instiuttion that has 50 employees per each student, Crow said.
“We’re in the lower 5 percent of cost per graduate, while the University of California of Los Angeles in 92 percent,” Crow said.
Crow also noted that ASU has had a 75 percent reduction in the cost of producing a degree.
Assistant Minority Leader Rep. Randall Friese, D-Dist. 9, asked what other funding streams universities have.
ASU has 15 revenue sources, including student tuition, grants, endowment revenue, auxiliary enterprises, intellectual properties, Crow said.
“We have fewer dollars in the state of Arizona than when I took office and we have seven times the number of students,” Crow said. “We’re asking the state for half the cost of educating a student, which is $7,500.”
3:15 p.m. University infrastructure and capital funding
The House Education committee passed House Bill 2547 on university infrastructure and capital funding during its meeting.
Eileen Klein, president of the Arizona Board of Regents told legislators that “We’ve spent three years working on this bill, making sure our numbers are sound, and we have support from the business community.”
“We can’t afford to mothball our buildings, we need to make this investment,” Klein said.
Klein noted in the first five years, the bill would help increase Arizona’s gross domestic product and personal income.
“The research that our universities provide and the revenue they generate is greatly needed,” said Rep. Reginald Bolding, D-Dist 27, before voting no on the bill. “When I think about this proposal in front of us and the JLBC review of that, I’m not a fan.”
Dr. Michael Crow, president of Arizona State University, urged legislators to support the proposal and noted “we have multiple ways in which we financially manage the institution, because we have to. We’re working with the federal government and many other organizations.”
But David Luhan with Children’s Action Alliance asked legislators to vote down the bill, saying “We certainly recognize that we need to have world class research universities to have a strong economy in Arizona, but we also need a strong K-12 system.”
Luhan asked legislators “before you consider this bill, address the teacher shortage crisis.”
The public will have one day to weigh in on the $9.8 billion dollar budget deal reached by lawmakers and Gov Ducey https://t.co/kRc5jU8V0U
— Ryan Heinsius (@RyanHeinsius) May 3, 2017
Klein noted that universities “have stood by as budget cuts have been made, and as K-12 was prioritized,” and asked that “K-12 not to hold us back.”
The bill was passed on a vote of 8-5.
2:12 p.m. Senate Appropriations Committee
“It’s very important for me and fellow members of the Republican caucus that we have a structural balance – that we’re not spending more than we have coming in, said Senate President Pro-Tempore Debbie Lesko, R-Dist. 21, “We now spend 43 percent of our general fund on education. Education gets the top priority in our state. There’s a lot of good things we can be proud of in this budget.”
Assistant Minority Leader Sen. Steve Farley, D-Dist. 9, urged legislators to support an amendment to Senate Bill 1522 that would give teachers a four percent salary raise.
“You take the resources available and put it into the place where it will make the most difference and that is teachers,” Farley said.
But the amendment was voted down.
1:30 p.m. public testimony in the Senate Appropriations Committee
Children’s Action Alliance President and CEO Dana Wolfe Naimark said, “We urge you to vote no on this budget. It underinvests in public schools in a big amount.”
Naimark noted that 42 percent of teachers leave the profession within three years, according to the Arizona Department of Education.
“We have to address the teacher shortage in a more meaningful way,” Naimark said.
Litchfield Elementary Assistant Superintendent Dr. Heather Cruz said when you talk to parents and business people, that teacher pay is the Number One education issue in Arizona, with capital funding coming close behind.
Pima Unified School District Superintendent Sean Rickert said “My concerns are that there are provisions in this funding bill which rely heavily on the A-F system.”
The A-F system is “a good system for determining what’s going on in schools, but it shouldn’t be used to determine who gets money,” Rickert said.
— STAZ_Education (@STAZ_Education) April 25, 2017
“As the superintendent of a rural school district, I know how those cuts affect what’s going on in public schools,” Rickert said. “The money that’s being distributed to public schools is not being done on an equitable basis.”
Sen. Sylvia Allen, R-Dist 6, from Snowflake said she agreed with what Rickert said.
“I think we really need a complete overhaul of how we fund education,” Allen said. “Being from rural Arizona I know how hard it is for our schools. We don’t have as many resources and property to get our local taxes from. I would hope we can do some reform. I don’t know if we can get it done this year.”
Charles Tack with the Arizona Department of Education asked legislators to increase ADE funding by $800,000 as staffing needs increase to administer the Empowerment Scholarship Account program with the recent expansion.
12:45 p.m. House approves eight budget bills
12:18 p.m. Senate approves university bonding bill
The Senate Education Committee passed Senate Bill 1532 – the $1 billion university bonding bill – on a 3-2 vote with Senators Catherine Mirand, D-Dist. 27, and David Bradley, D-Dist. 10, reluctantly voting against it saying that wanted to see more resources given to K-12 education, according to an article in The Arizona Republic.
Earlier during discussion, Litchfield Elementary Assistant Superintendent Dr. Heather Cruz asked legislators to reallocate the proposed $10 million for literacy and the $50 million for results based funding to teacher pay and district additional assistance.
11:00 a.m. Formula adjustments breakdown
The proposal would adjust base level for transportation and charter additional assistance by 1.3 percent for inflation, would continue district additional assistance and charter school additional assistance suspensions for FY 2017-18 and continue the K-12 rollover of $930.7 million. It does not include a hold harmless provision for declining enrollment under current year funding of $31 million, according to an Arizona School Boards Association breakdown of the budget bills.
10:30 a.m. Early literacy and all-day kindergarten in the budget proposal
The budget proposal would provide $8 million in fiscal year 2018 and $12 million in FY 2019 to the Early Literacy Grant Program to provide 3-year grants to schools with at least 90 percent free- and reduced-price lunch to improve reading skills, literacy and proficiency of K-3 students, which could be used for full-day kindergarten or other K-3 literacy programs.
9:45 a.m. Joint technical education funding in the proposed budget
The proposed budget continues to fund large JTEDS at 95.5 percent of the amount they would have otherwise received and appropriates $1 million for JTED completion grants.
9:30 a.m. Funding for rural schools
The budget would provide $2.6 million in onetime funding for rural schools that would be distributed to district schools and charter schools with less than 500 students in K-8 or 9-12 that are in a county with a population of less than 500,000 or local education agencies that serve homeless or special education students who qualify no matter what county they live in.
8:20 a.m. Increasing teacher pay
The budget proposal provides $34 million for teacher salary increases and another $34 million in FY2019. That would provide a 1 percent salary increase for teachers who taught at a district or charter school during the 2016-2017 school year and teach at that school in school year 2017-18.
— Mitzi Epstein (@MitziEpstein) May 2, 2017
8:05 a.m. Results based funding
The budget proposal would appropriate $37.6 million to the results-based funding fund and distribute $225 per student to schools with less than 60 percent of students receiving free-and reduced-price lunch who are in the top 10 percent of AzMERIT scores statewide. In school year 2018-19, schools would receive the additional per pupil funding if they have an A-rating based on the new A-F school rating system.
Results-based funding is a bad idea that’s not backed up by research. It will cause rich to get richer at the expense of less-affluent kids. https://t.co/obsvFlrJzV
— ChristinePorterMarsh (@ChristinePMarsh) May 3, 2017
Schools with more than 60 percent of students receiving free-and reduced-price lunch who are in the top 10 percent of AzMERIT scores statewide would receive $400 per student. In school year 2018-19, schools would receive the additional per pupil funding if they have an A-rating based on the new A-F school rating system.
Alternative high schools with an A rating in 2014 would receive $400 per student count.
The bill stipulates that the majority of this money be used for teacher salaries, recruitment and professional development.
7:45 a.m. School Facilities Board and infrastructure funding
The budget proposal would appropriate $64.9 million to the School Finance Board for new school facilities, $16.9 million in ongoing and $17.2 million in additional one-time funding for building renewal grants, and $38 million in one- time funding for new school facilities approved between March 2, 2016 and March 1, 2017.